The Wrong Way? Forging New Paths for Development

Panel | New Public-Private Dynamics

Panel 1 — Busi­ness Inno­va­tion for Social and Eco­nomic Development


Inno­va­tion is one of the key dri­vers for pri­vate com­pa­nies to live long-term. Inno­va­tion can take the shape of new prod­ucts, new sys­tems or new busi­ness mod­els.

With the increased role of Busi­ness in the social arena and devel­op­ment, Inno­va­tion can also be an amaz­ing tool to address social issues and fur­ther coun­tries’ devel­op­ment. A lot of com­pa­nies have tried to develop Inno­va­tions that could for exam­ple help address mal­nu­tri­tion, improve health access or increase liv­ing stan­dards of pop­u­la­tions.

This Panel aims to address what are some of the key Inno­va­tion exam­ples (prod­ucts, dis­tri­b­u­tion, sys­tems…) that busi­nesses or public-private part­ner­ships have put in place and that have allowed to sig­nif­i­cantly cre­ate a social improve­ment and helped coun­tries’ development.

Jane Nel­son | Moderator

Jane Nel­son is Direc­tor of the Cor­po­rate Social Respon­si­bil­ity Ini­tia­tive at Har­vard Kennedy School, a non­res­i­dent senior fel­low at the Brook­ings Insti­tu­tion, and a senior asso­ciate of the Pro­gramme for Sus­tain­abil­ity Lead­er­ship at Cam­bridge Uni­ver­sity. She was a Direc­tor at the Inter­na­tional Busi­ness Lead­ers Forum from 1993 to 2009, where she now serves as a senior advi­sor. In 2001, she worked with the United Nations Global Com­pact in the office of the UN Secretary-General prepar­ing a report for the Gen­eral Assem­bly on coop­er­a­tion between the UN and the pri­vate sec­tor. Prior to 1993, Nel­son worked for the Busi­ness Coun­cil for Sus­tain­able Devel­op­ment in Africa, for FUNDES in Latin Amer­ica, and as a Vice Pres­i­dent at Citibank work­ing for the bank’s Finan­cial Insti­tu­tions Group in Asia, Europe and the Mid­dle East. She has co-authored four books and over 70 pub­li­ca­tions on the role of busi­ness in soci­ety and five of the World Eco­nomic Forum’s Global Cor­po­rate Cit­i­zen­ship reports. Nel­son serves on the boards of New­mont Min­ing Cor­po­ra­tion, FSG, the World Envi­ron­ment Cen­ter, the Imag­i­ne­Na­tions Group, and the Niger Delta Part­ner­ship Ini­tia­tive, and on advi­sory com­mit­tees for the Clin­ton Global Ini­tia­tive, the Rock­e­feller Foundation’s Bel­la­gio Cen­ter, the Ini­tia­tive for Global Devel­op­ment, Volans Social Ven­tures, Insti­tuto Ethosin Brazil, UNDP’s Grow­ing Inclu­sive Mar­kets pro­gram, APCO’s Inter­na­tional Advi­sory Coun­cil, ExxonMobil’s Exter­nal Cit­i­zen­ship Advi­sory Panel, GE’s Cit­i­zen­ship Advi­sory Group, and Abbott’s Global Cit­i­zen­ship Advi­sory Coun­cil. She earned a BSc. degree in Agri­cul­tural Eco­nom­ics from the Uni­ver­sity of Natal in South Africa and an MA from Oxford Uni­ver­sity, and is a for­mer Rhodes Scholar and recip­i­ent of the Key­stone Center’s 2005 Lead­er­ship in Edu­ca­tion Award.

Ovidiu Bujorean | Panelist

Ovidiu Bujorean man­ages and directs the GIST Ini­tia­tive, an excit­ing ini­tia­tive that is a part­ner­ship led by the State Depart­ment and CRDF Global that is build­ing a unique entre­pre­neur­ial ecosys­tem in 44 coun­tries across the Mid­dle East, Cen­tral and South East Asia, and Africa. Pre­vi­ously, Mr. Bujorean was the Senior Asso­ciate at Rud­yard Part­ners, a pri­vate equity firm focused on invest­ing in con­sumer tech­nolo­gies. Mr. Bujorean serves as Chair­man of the Board of Advi­sors of AIESEC DC. Mr. Bujorean founded LEADERS, an orga­ni­za­tion that impacted the lives of approx­i­mately 10000 young lead­ers and entre­pre­neurs in Roma­nia and Southern-Eastern Europe and is a grad­u­ate of the MIT Sloan School of Man­age­ment (MBA) and Harvard’s Kennedy School (MPA).

Franklin Moore | Panelist

A career mem­ber of the Senior Exec­u­tive Ser­vice, Franklin C. Moore is the Deputy Assis­tant Admin­is­tra­tor of the U.S. Agency for Inter­na­tional Development’s Bureau for Africa, which pro­vided $6.4 bil­lion in assis­tance to 49 African coun­tries in 2011. Mr. Moore also served in this posi­tion from Jan­u­ary 2008 to July 2010.

Prior to this appoint­ment, Mr. Moore served in Rome as USAID’s Senior Devel­op­ment Coun­selor and Senior Advi­sor to the U.S. Ambas­sador to Rome-based UN orga­ni­za­tions from July 2010 to Decem­ber 2012. Mr. Moore was Direc­tor of the Office of Envi­ron­ment and Sci­ence Pol­icy within the Agency’s Bureau for Eco­nomic Growth, Agri­cul­ture and Trade in 2002-08, and he served as the Act­ing Deputy Assis­tant Admin­is­tra­tor and Direc­tor for the Agency’s Global Cen­ter for the Envi­ron­ment.

Prior to join­ing USAID in 1998, Mr. Moore held posi­tions in the areas of agri­cul­ture, envi­ron­ment and national resource man­age­ment with the U.S. Envi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion Agency, with Africare res­i­dent in Zim­babwe; with Peace Corps and as a Lec­turer at Vir­ginia State (Col­lege) Uni­ver­sity and the Uni­ver­sity of Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy in Kumasi, Ghana.

Mr. Moore has a bachelor’s degree in Eco­nom­ics with a minor in Art His­tory from Yale Uni­ver­sity. He received a master’s degree in Agri­cul­tural Eco­nom­ics, as well as a cer­tifi­cate in African Stud­ies from the Uni­ver­sity of Wisconsin-Madison. Mr. Moore stud­ied for a Ph.D. in Devel­op­ment Stud­ies at the Uni­ver­sity of Wisconsin-Madison (Agriculture/Natural Resource Eco­nom­ics, Polit­i­cal Sci­ence and Rural Soci­ol­ogy). Mr. Moore has lived and worked in both West and South­ern Africa; he has worked in approx­i­mately 40 coun­tries overseas.

Greg Hills | Panelist

Greg Hills is Man­ag­ing Direc­tor at FSG. Greg has nearly 20 years of expe­ri­ence advis­ing cor­po­ra­tions, foun­da­tions, gov­ern­ments, and non­profit orga­ni­za­tions on strat­egy, pro­gram design, eval­u­a­tion, and oper­a­tional improve­ment.

In his ten years at FSG, Greg has led more than 70 client engage­ments, includ­ing three dozen projects advis­ing multi­na­tional cor­po­ra­tions on inno­v­a­tive shared value and CSR strate­gies. He leads FSG’s Global Devel­op­ment impact area and has worked pro­fes­sion­ally in nearly 20 devel­op­ing coun­tries through­out Africa, Asia, and Latin Amer­ica. His work focuses on eco­nomic devel­op­ment, agri­cul­ture, edu­ca­tion, health, envi­ron­ment, and social invest­ment. Greg has pub­lished numer­ous influ­en­tial papers and speaks reg­u­larly on top­ics of shared value, CSR, and phil­an­thropic effec­tive­ness.

Prior to join­ing FSG, Greg worked as a man­ager with Arch­stone Con­sult­ing and as a senior con­sul­tant with Deloitte Con­sult­ing. He advised lead­ing cor­po­ra­tions in the retail, con­sumer prod­ucts man­u­fac­tur­ing, and finan­cial ser­vices sec­tors. His prior social sec­tor expe­ri­ence includes serv­ing as Man­ager of Pro­gram Oper­a­tions for the US-Asia Envi­ron­men­tal Part­ner­ship, a USAID-funded public-private part­ner­ship focused on envi­ron­men­tal improve­ment and sus­tain­able devel­op­ment in the Asia-Pacific region.

Greg holds an MBA from Dart­mouth Col­lege, Tuck School of Busi­ness and a BA, cum laude in gov­ern­ment from Hamil­ton College.

Panel 2 — Big Data and Development


The much-hyped advent of ‘Big Data’, an umbrella term for the gen­er­a­tion, aggre­ga­tion, and analy­sis of real-time dig­i­tal data in unprece­dented quan­ti­ties, has allowed an unpar­al­leled under­stand­ing of indi­vid­ual behav­ioral trends in count­less types of social inter­ac­tions. The pri­vate sec­tor exten­sively uti­lizes this data through sophis­ti­cated ana­lytic tools, pre­dict­ing indi­vid­ual con­sumer buy­ing habits and mar­ket­ing to micro-targeted demo­graph­ics house­hold by house­hold. How­ever its poten­tial to rev­o­lu­tion­ize our approach to social sec­tor chal­lenges in global devel­op­ment and cri­sis resilience has gone largely untapped.

But a string of recent demon­strated suc­cesses in pub­lic health, food secu­rity, nat­ural dis­as­ter and poverty mon­i­tor­ing has stim­u­lated an explo­sion in inter­est in uti­liz­ing big data to turn imper­fect, com­plex, often unstruc­tured social sec­tor data into action­able infor­ma­tion. Work­shop par­tic­i­pants will be intro­duced to big data’s ana­lyt­i­cal meth­ods and frame­works as applied to inter­na­tional devel­op­ment and cri­sis resilience, along with their appli­ca­tion to actual cases like pre­dict­ing the geospa­tial spread of cholera after the Hait­ian earth­quake through SMS sen­ti­ment analy­sis, track­ing real-time food price infla­tion in Indone­sia with Twit­ter, and mon­i­tor­ing poverty lev­els in real time cell phone min­utes pur­chas­ing trends in Rwanda and Kenya. Atten­dees will also have the oppor­tu­nity to play the role of pol­i­cy­mak­ers direct­ing a big data analy­sis group in a devel­op­ing country’s gov­ern­ment, set­ting pri­or­i­ties and choos­ing ana­lytic tools to effec­tively address their cit­i­zens’ most press­ing challenges.

Emmanuel Letouzé | Moderator

Emmanuel Letouzé is a reg­u­lar con­sul­tant for the UN and the OECD and a PhD can­di­date in Demog­ra­phy at U.C. Berke­ley, cur­rently serv­ing as a non-resident Fel­low at the Inter­na­tional Peace Insti­tute and an advi­sor on Big Data and offi­cial sta­tis­tics for the OECD-Paris21. In 2011–2012 he worked as a devel­op­ment econ­o­mist on the UN Global Pulse team, where he wrote Global Pulse’s white paper Big Data for Devel­op­ment: Chal­lenges and Oppor­tu­ni­ties (May 2012), and was the lead author of the OECD 2013 Frag­ile States report. From 2006 to 2009 he worked for UNDP in New York and from 2000 to 2004 for the French Min­istry of Finance in Viet­nam. Emmanuel grad­u­ated from Sci­ences Po Paris (Diplôme, 1999, MA in Eco­nomic Demog­ra­phy, 2000) and Colum­bia Uni­ver­sity (MA in Inter­na­tional Affairs, 2006) where he was a Ful­bright fel­low. He is also a polit­i­cal car­toon­ist for var­i­ous media outlet.

Nathan Eagle | Panelist

Nathan Eagle is the co-founder and CEO of Jana, a com­pany that helps global brands con­nect directly with peo­ple in emerg­ing growth mar­kets via mobile phones. Jana rewards con­sumers with mobile air­time in return for tak­ing mar­ket research sur­veys and try­ing out new prod­ucts. Jana’s mobile air­time rewards plat­form has been inte­grated into the back-end sys­tems of hun­dreds of mobile oper­a­tors, enabling the instant mon­e­tary com­pen­sa­tion of bil­lions of con­sumers in 70 local cur­ren­cies. Today Jana is help­ing global clients in over 50 coun­tries, includ­ing P&G, Unilever, Danone, Gen­eral Mills, Nes­tle, John­son & John­son, Microsoft, the World Bank, and the United Nations. In addi­tion to being CEO of Jana, Eagle is an Adjunct Assis­tant Pro­fes­sor at Har­vard Uni­ver­sity. His research involves engi­neer­ing com­pu­ta­tional tools, designed to explore how the petabytes of data gen­er­ated about human move­ments, finan­cial trans­ac­tions, and com­mu­ni­ca­tion pat­terns can be used for social good. In 2012, Wired named Eagle one of the ’50 peo­ple who will change the world’ and the Mar­ket Research Soci­ety awarded him the President’s Medal. Eagle has been elected to MIT’s TR35, a group of the world’s top inno­va­tors under 35, and cur­rently serves on the World Eco­nomic Forum’s Global Agenda Coun­cil for Data Dri­ven Devel­op­ment. In recog­ni­tion of his work with the World Bank on mobile crowd­sourc­ing, Eagle was awarded the pres­ti­gious Kiel Global Econ­omy Prize along­side Nobel Lau­re­ates Daniel Kah­ne­man and Martti Ahti­saari. Eagle holds a BS and two MS degrees from Stanford’s School of Engi­neer­ing; his PhD from the MIT Media Lab­o­ra­tory founded the field of ‘Real­ity Min­ing’ and was declared one of the ’10 tech­nolo­gies most likely to change the way we live’. Often sought after for his expert com­men­tary, Eagle is reg­u­larly fea­tured in pub­li­ca­tions includ­ing the BBC, New York Times, Wall Street Jour­nal, the Econ­o­mist, the Finan­cial Times, Forbes, and CNN.

William Hoff­man | Panelist

William Hoff­man heads the World Eco­nomic Forum’s Telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions Indus­try Group, where he sup­ports a global com­mu­nity of indus­try part­ners in address­ing some of the world’s most press­ing eco­nomic, social and envi­ron­men­tal chal­lenges. One of his pri­mary areas of focus is lead­ing a global ini­tia­tive enti­tled Rethink­ing Per­sonal Data. This multi-year project is designed to cat­alyze action and shared under­stand­ings on how to shape a per­sonal data ecosys­tem that crates oppor­tu­ni­ties for both social and eco­nomic value cre­ation as well as pro­tect­ing the rights of indi­vid­u­als. Prior to join­ing the World Eco­nomic Forum, William was the Direc­tor of Enter­prise Mar­ket­ing at AT&T. With broad expe­ri­ence in the com­mu­ni­ca­tions indus­try, he has an exten­sive back­ground with the adop­tion of emerg­ing tech­nolo­gies, data analy­sis and strate­gic plan­ning. William holds degrees from Syra­cuse Uni­ver­sity as well as the Uni­ver­sity of Pennsylvania.

Panel 3 — U.S. Pri­vate Sec­tor and Development


Today more than ever, the future of sus­tain­able devel­op­ment is being linked to the emer­gence of a vibrant pri­vate sec­tor in devel­op­ing coun­tries. As this aspect of devel­op­ment gains greater and greater atten­tion, gov­ern­ments and devel­op­ment prac­ti­tion­ers will be increas­ingly chal­lenged to look at poli­cies that enable the risk tak­ers of the world, and coun­tries and for­eign investors will be ben­e­fit­ing from such a par­a­digm shift. Tak­ing the exam­ple of the US for­eign investor, how are they able to be a cat­a­lyst for local pri­vate sec­tor devel­op­ment and what poli­cies or pro­grams have been put in place to sup­port them? What is the role of the US busi­ness as a devel­op­ment actor?

K. Riva Levin­son | Moderator

Riva Levin­son is the founder and Prin­ci­pal of KRL Inter­na­tional LLC. Ms. Levin­son has earned a rep­u­ta­tion as an effec­tive, sought-after strate­gist, with exten­sive exper­tise in man­ag­ing inter­na­tional pol­icy issues. A sea­soned inter­na­tion­al­ist, Ms. Levin­son has man­aged major projects and coor­di­nated the efforts of staff in Africa, Latin Amer­ica, the Mid­dle East, the Far East, South Asia, Cen­tral and South-Central Europe, and the Newly Inde­pen­dent States. She has worked in Africa for more than 20 years and has been an advi­sor to Liber­ian Pres­i­dent Ellen John­son Sir­leaf since 1996.

Nadeem Anwar | Panelist

Dr. Nadeem Anwar works for the Chevron Cor­po­ra­tion in the Pol­icy, Gov­ern­ment and Pub­lic Affairs depart­ment as the Social Per­for­mance Team Lead for Africa and Latin Amer­ica. He has worked with Chevron since 1993 in posi­tions of increas­ing respon­si­bil­ity in many parts of the world in many in var­i­ous man­age­ment posi­tions in Cor­po­rate Social Respon­si­bil­ity, Pub­lic health, Com­mu­nity Devel­op­ment, train­ing and edu­ca­tion and Gov­ern­ment and Pub­lic Affairs. Since Octo­ber of 2010, Nadeem is lead­ing the Cor­po­rate Social Respon­si­bil­ity work in Liberia. He led the com­mu­nity devel­op­ment needs assess­ment for Chevron, devel­op­ment of five years Chevron Liberia Eco­nomic Devel­op­ment Ini­tia­tive and plan­ning and exe­cu­tion of CSR projects in Liberia. Nadeem is also a recip­i­ent of the high­est Chevron’s per­for­mance award, “The Chairman’s Award.” He has a Mas­ters of Sci­ence in Pub­lic Health with focus on inter­na­tional devel­op­ment from Uni­ver­sity of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. He also holds a Doc­tor of Med­i­cine degree and diploma in Dis­as­ter Man­age­ment. Prior to join­ing Chevron he worked in sev­eral capac­i­ties as a Physi­cian, Cor­po­rate Respon­si­bil­ity Man­ager, Advi­sor, con­sul­tant, and as a refugee coor­di­na­tor in coun­tries rang­ing from Indone­sia, Sin­ga­pore, Gabon, Chad, Thai­land, Cam­bo­dia, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Reg Man­has | Panelist

Reg Man­has is respon­si­ble for the man­age­ment of social and polit­i­cal issues in a man­ner that enhances Kos­mos Energy’s rep­u­ta­tion as a leader in respon­si­ble oil and gas explo­ration and devel­op­ment. Included within that man­date is respon­si­bil­ity for the devel­op­ment of strate­gic rela­tions with gov­ern­ment, com­mu­nity and NGO stake­hold­ers and the estab­lish­ment of lead­ing CSR pro­grams. Prior to join­ing Kos­mos in 2012, Mr. Man­has cre­ated the cor­po­rate affairs func­tion at Calgary-based Tal­is­man Energy in 2000 and led the devel­op­ment of the Company’s pro­grams in these areas. Prior to 2000, he was legal coun­sel at Tal­is­man and pre­vi­ous to that prac­ticed law with McCarthy Tetrault. Ear­lier in his career he worked as an engi­neer in the upstream energy indus­try with Petro-Canada. Mr. Man­has earned both his law degree and his chem­i­cal engi­neer­ing degree from the Uni­ver­sity of British Colum­bia. Mr. Man­has served on the Advi­sory Com­mit­tee appointed by the Gov­ern­ment of Canada on Cor­po­rate Social Respon­si­bil­ity in the Cana­dian Extrac­tive Sec­tor in Devel­op­ing Coun­tries, and was appointed in 2012 by the Gov­ern­ment of Canada to the Board of Trustees of the Cana­dian Museum of Nature.

Steven Kauf­mann | Panelist

Steven M. Kauf­mann is the Chief of Staff at the Mil­len­nium Chal­lenge Cor­po­ra­tion. As Chief of Staff, Mr. Kauf­mann serves as the lead advi­sor to the agency’s Chief Exec­u­tive Offi­cer, pro­vid­ing guid­ance and lead­er­ship on cor­po­rate strat­egy, oper­a­tions, and pol­icy mat­ters. The Chief of Staff sup­ports the CEO’s man­age­ment of the agency’s admin­is­tra­tive and pro­gram issues and ensures that the CEO’s vision and pri­or­i­ties are imple­mented in all aspects of MCC’s oper­a­tions. The Chief of Staff also super­vises staff in the Office of the CEO.

Prior to join­ing MCC, Mr. Kauf­mann was a lit­i­ga­tion part­ner at the inter­na­tional law firm of Mor­ri­son & Foer­ster, LLP. Mr. Kauf­mann prac­ticed law for twenty-five years, focus­ing on com­plex com­mer­cial dis­putes and work­ing exten­sively on class actions, antitrust cases, secu­ri­ties lit­i­ga­tion and employ­ment mat­ters. Mr. Kauf­mann served as the chair of the firm’s Global Lit­i­ga­tion Depart­ment for three years, over­see­ing over 500 attor­neys and an exten­sive sup­port staff in 14 cities around the world. As Lit­i­ga­tion Depart­ment Chair, Mr. Kauf­mann was one of a hand­ful of attor­neys at the firm respon­si­ble for devel­op­ing and exe­cut­ing on the over­all strate­gic direc­tion for the enter­prise. He also served as man­ag­ing part­ner of Mor­ri­son & Foerster’s Den­ver, Col­orado office for almost 7 years.

Before law school, Mr. Kauf­mann worked for the con­sult­ing firm of ICF, Inc., where he under­took eco­nomic analy­sis of energy mar­kets and related envi­ron­men­tal issues. Upon grad­u­a­tion from law school, Mr. Kauf­mann served as a law clerk to Hon. John L. Kane of the United States Dis­trict Court for the Dis­trict of Col­orado.

Mr. Kauf­mann received his B.A. degree, summa cum laude, with high hon­ors from Wes­leyan Uni­ver­sity in 1980, and received his J.D., cum laude, from the Uni­ver­sity of Michi­gan in 1984, where he was a mem­ber of the Uni­ver­sity of Michi­gan Jour­nal of Law Reform. Mr. Kauf­mann is a fifth-generation Col­oradan. He pre­vi­ously served on a num­ber of boards of direc­tors, includ­ing the boards of National Jew­ish Health, the Col­orado Lawyer’s Com­mit­tee, and the Col­orado “I Have a Dream” Foundation.

Eric Chinje | Panelist

Eric Chinje is the Direc­tor for Strate­gic Com­mu­ni­ca­tions at the Mo Ibrahim Foun­da­tion, a posi­tion he took up at the start of 2012. Prior to that he led the Global Media Pro­gram at the World Bank Insti­tute (WBI) and, in that capac­ity, launched the IMAGE (Inde­pen­dent Media for Account­abil­ity, Gov­er­nance and Empow­er­ment) capac­ity build­ing pro­gram and Net­work to cre­ate a corps of devel­op­ment jour­nal­ists in the Bank’s client coun­tries ( Mr. Chinje is flu­ent in Eng­lish and French, He stud­ied in the uni­ver­si­ties of Yaounde (Cameroon), Syra­cuse (New York) and Har­vard (Cam­bridge, Mass­a­chu­setts). He was Edi­tor in Chief of Cameroon Tele­vi­sion and a con­tribut­ing cor­re­spon­dent for CNN World Report, and a stringer for the BBC World Ser­vice, Voice of Amer­ica, and Deutschewelle Radio. Mr. Chinje is an Offi­cer of the Cameroon Order of Merit and an Offi­cer of the Dutch Order of Orange Nassau.

Ambas­sador Patri­cia Moller | Panelist

Ambas­sador Moller is a career diplo­mat who served as U.S. Ambas­sador to the Repub­lic of Guinea and the Repub­lic of Burundi. Fol­low­ing ten years in invest­ment bank­ing, Ambas­sador Moller joined the Depart­ment of State in 1987 as a For­eign Ser­vice offi­cer. In the course of her 25-year career she has served in five other over­seas loca­tions includ­ing in Munich, Ger­many, Chen­nai, India, Bel­grade, Ser­bia, Yere­van, Arme­nia, and Tbil­isi, Geor­gia. In 2000, she received the Lea­mon R. Hunt Award for Man­age­ment Excel­lence for her direc­tion in oper­a­tions of Embassy Bel­grade through its final clo­sure on the eve of the 1999 NATO bomb­ings. In 2011, she was granted the Robert C. Fra­sure Memo­r­ial Award for her cen­tral role in pre­vent­ing the wide­spread loss of human life and pro­mot­ing democ­racy and human rights through­out Guinea’s first ever demo­c­ra­tic tran­si­tion. In August of 2012, Ambas­sador Moller was invested into the Repub­lic of Guinea’s National Patri­otic Legion of Honor with the rank of Commander.