The End of Development? Why international development must adapt or fail

Panel | Rethinking Collaborative Governance

Panel 1 — Devel­op­ment and Local Own­er­ship: Includ­ing the Ben­e­fi­cia­ries in Governance


All devel­op­ment projects are designed to ben­e­fit a given pop­u­la­tion — defined as “dis­ad­van­taged”, “at risk”, or “vul­ner­a­ble”. These ben­e­fi­cia­ries make the large fig­ures of “high-impact” projects and pop­u­late the home­pages of advo­cacy cam­paigns. How­ever when it comes to gov­er­nance, the pic­ture is quite dif­fer­ent — they are some­times con­sulted, rarely par­tic­i­pate, and almost never decide.

How can devel­op­ment projects gen­uinely include the pop­u­la­tions they strive for in decision-making? What lessons can we learn from community-based approaches? How can tech­nol­ogy help to reduce constraints?

Isabelle Jean | Moderator

Isabella Jean is the Direc­tor of Eval­u­a­tion and Learn­ing at CDA Col­lab­o­ra­tive Learn­ing Projects and also serves as an Adjunct Fac­ulty at Bran­deis Uni­ver­sity Heller School for Social Pol­icy Man­age­ment teach­ing a course on design, mon­i­tor­ing and eval­u­a­tion of peace­build­ing. Isabella is an expe­ri­enced researcher, ana­lyst, trainer and lec­turer on inter­na­tional assis­tance and aid effec­tive­ness top­ics, focus­ing on conflict-sensitive aid, par­tic­i­pa­tory pro­gram design, mon­i­tor­ing and eval­u­a­tion meth­ods, and peace­build­ing effec­tive­ness. At CDA, Isabella has led field-based col­lab­o­ra­tive research efforts with the Lis­ten­ing Pro­gram, Reflect­ing on Peace Prac­tice Pro­gram and Do No Harm Pro­gram in Africa, Asia, and the Mid­dle East. As one of the lead facil­i­ta­tors on the Lis­ten­ing Project team, she con­ducted field research and co-authored the recently pub­lished book Time to Lis­ten: Hear­ing Peo­ple on the Receiv­ing End of Inter­na­tional Aid with CDA col­leagues, Mary B. Ander­son and Dayna Brown.

Prior to join­ing CDA, Isabella con­ducted eval­u­a­tion and pol­icy research and devel­oped train­ing pro­grams at a non-profit focused on edu­ca­tion pol­icy, school reform and com­mu­nity orga­niz­ing in Boston and other urban cen­ters in the United States. As a con­sul­tant with Coex­is­tence Inter­na­tional, she con­ducted pol­icy research on issues of con­flict, coex­is­tence, democ­racy and edu­ca­tion in multi-ethnic soci­eties. She holds an MA in Coex­is­tence and Con­flict from Bran­deis Uni­ver­sity and a B.A. in Inter­na­tional Rela­tions & Anthro­pol­ogy from Bow­doin College.

Anahi Ayala Iacucci | Panelist

Anahi Ayala Iacucci is the Senior Inno­va­tion Advi­sor for Internews, a Media Devel­op­ment Orga­ni­za­tion based in Wash­ing­ton DC. Before this posi­tion Anahi worked for 3 years as Internews Media Inno­va­tion Advi­sor for the Africa Region, Health and Human­i­tar­ian Media, based in Nairobi and work­ing in Cen­tral African Repub­lic, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Demo­c­ra­tic Repub­lic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Nige­ria, Repub­lic of South Sudan and Haiti. Anahi has con­sulted for NGOs and inter­na­tional orga­ni­za­tions on the use of the ICT4D, new tech­nolo­gies and cri­sis map­ping like UN OCHA Iraq Inter-Agency Infor­ma­tion and Analy­sis Unit, Alliance Guinea, Free­dom House, the World Bank, Ushahidi Inc., NDI , work­ing on coun­tries like Iran, Iraq, Jor­dan, Cam­bo­dia, Zam­bia, Egypt, Ghana, China, etc. Anahi is cur­rently also the Expert Advi­sor on Mobile Tech­nol­ogy for The Pop­u­lar Engage­ment Pol­icy Lab in Pak­istan. Anahi is the Co-Founder and sits on the Board of the Standby Task Force, as well as being a mem­ber of the Board of Free­dom Con­nect and a mem­ber of the Inter­na­tional Net­work of Cri­sis Map­pers. Anahi has been recently named by the Diplo­matic Courier to the 2012 99 Under 33 list, as one of the 99 under 33 most influ­en­tial for­eign pol­icy leader in the Inno­va­tors Category.

Den­nis Whit­tle | Panelist

Den­nis Whit­tle is a mem­ber of the Lead­er­ship Group at Ashoka, where he also man­ages the Change­mak­ers plat­form. He is co-founder of Glob­al­Giv­ing, where he was CEO from 2000–2010. He is cur­rently also Pro­fes­sor of the Prac­tice and Social Entre­pre­neur in Res­i­dence at UNC-Chapel Hill, and Vis­it­ing Fel­low at the Cen­ter for Global Devel­op­ment. In fall 2011 he was Vis­it­ing Lec­turer at Prince­ton University’s Woodrow Wil­son School. Pre­vi­ously, he was an econ­o­mist at the World Bank (1986–2000), where he lived and/or worked for many years in Indone­sia and Rus­sia. His team there also cre­ated the Devel­op­ment Mar­ket­place in early 2000. In 1984–85, Den­nis worked for the Asian Devel­op­ment Bank and USAID in the Philip­pines, where he was an extra in one of Chuck Norris’s best movies, “Miss­ing in Action” (1984). Prior to that, he was a short-order cook and bus­boy at sev­eral restau­rants, includ­ing the late Oasis Restau­rant in Leitch­field, KY and the Port­hole in Chapel Hill, NC. Den­nis did his grad­u­ate work in eco­nom­ics and inter­na­tional devel­op­ment at Princeton’s Woodrow Wil­son School of Pub­lic and Inter­na­tional Affairs and did his under­grad­u­ate work in reli­gious stud­ies at UNC-Chapel Hill, where he was a More­head Scholar. He also attended an Exec­u­tive Devel­op­ment Pro­gram for World Bank lead­ers that was co-created by the Stan­ford Grad­u­ate School of Busi­ness and Har­vard Busi­ness School.

Jeff Hall | Panelist

Jeff Hall is World Vision International’s Direc­tor of Local Advo­cacy. In his capac­ity, Jeff over­sees World Vision’s local advo­cacy, par­tic­i­pa­tory gov­er­nance, and social account­abil­ity work in the organization’s 1600 pro­grammes in 93 coun­tries. In par­tic­u­lar, Jeff leads World Vision’s Cit­i­zen Voice and Action approach to social account­abil­ity. The approach has led to encour­ag­ing improve­ments in health and edu­ca­tion out­comes and pol­icy change in dozens of coun­tries. Prior to join­ing World Vision, Jeff served as a lawyer with the Inter-American Court for Human Rights. He has pub­lished arti­cles on the Court’s jurispru­dence and com­par­a­tive human rights frame­works. Ear­lier in his career, Jeff worked in grass­roots devel­op­ment and human rights activism in North Amer­ica, Latin Amer­ica, Africa and the Mid­dle East. He now lives with his fam­ily in Atlanta, Georgia.

Panel 2 — BRICS Abroad: Shift­ing Pat­terns of For­eign Aid


Rep­re­sent­ing a quar­ter of the global GDP, the BRICS coun­tries — Brazil, Rus­sia, India, China, and South Africa — have begun to pro­vide sig­nif­i­cant amounts of for­eign aid to other devel­op­ing coun­tries, par­tic­u­larly those in Africa. With assis­tance from tra­di­tional donors such as the US and West­ern Europe decreas­ing in real terms in 2011, emerg­ing BRICS donors offer coun­tries more oppor­tu­ni­ties to finance much-needed devel­op­ment. How­ever, there is a ris­ing con­cern over this type of fund­ing as it typ­i­cally comes in the absence of domes­tic frame­works for account­abil­ity on inter­na­tional engage­ments. This shift has height­ened wor­ries on this model’s poten­tial to under­cut inter­na­tional stan­dards and encour­age unsus­tain­able poli­cies, gov­ern­ments, and debt. Are these wor­ries over-rated con­sid­er­ing that some for­eign aid is bet­ter than none at all? This panel will explore whether the BRICS present an alter­na­tive and com­pet­ing model of involve­ment and for­eign assis­tance to that of tra­di­tional donors and whether this aid is more, less, or equally effec­tive in improv­ing stan­dards of liv­ing for recipients.

Robert Paarl­berg | Moderator

Robert Paarl­berg is the Betty Frey­hof John­son Class of 1944 Pro­fes­sor of Polit­i­cal Sci­ence at Welles­ley Col­lege. He is also Adjunct Pro­fes­sor of Pub­lic Pol­icy at the Har­vard Kennedy School, and Asso­ciate at Harvard’s Weath­er­head Cen­ter for Inter­na­tional Affairs. Paarl­berg received his B.A. from Car­leton Col­lege and his Ph.D. in Gov­ern­ment from Har­vard Uni­ver­sity. He teaches, con­sults, and con­ducts research on pub­lic pol­icy, espe­cially inter­na­tional food and agri­cul­tural policy.

Andreas Fuchs | Panelist

Dr. Andreas Fuchs is a post­doc­toral research fel­low at the Niehaus Cen­ter for Glob­al­iza­tion and Gov­er­nance at Prince­ton Uni­ver­sity. He is on leave from the Chair of Inter­na­tional and Devel­op­ment Pol­i­tics at Hei­del­berg Uni­ver­sity. He obtained his Ph.D. from Uni­ver­sity of Goet­tin­gen in 2012. His Ph.D. the­sis “Polit­i­cal Deter­mi­nants of For­eign Aid and Inter­na­tional Trade of Emerg­ing Economies” stud­ies the aid allo­ca­tion deci­sions of emerg­ing donors. Andreas has worked as a con­sul­tant for the OECD and the Ber­tels­mann Foun­da­tion and is affil­i­ated with the Aid­Data Cen­ter of Devel­op­ment Pol­icy at the Col­lege of William and Mary and Brigham Young University.

Panel 3 — Cli­mate and Devel­op­ment: Coop­er­a­tion Beyond the Kyoto Protocol


Twenty years of nego­ti­a­tion under the UN Frame­work Con­ven­tion on Cli­mate Change have pro­duced lit­tle mea­sur­able progress reduc­ing green­house gas emis­sions or enabling the most vul­ner­a­ble to adapt to the impacts of cli­mate change. The world urgently needs new approaches to inter­na­tional cli­mate and devel­op­ment coop­er­a­tion that think beyond the Kyoto Protocol’s top-down, legally-binding struc­ture. This panel will bring together lead­ing cli­mate and devel­op­ment researchers and pol­i­cy­mak­ers in a dia­logue about build­ing and sus­tain­ing momen­tum toward low-carbon and resilient devel­op­ment through action by non-state actors, includ­ing devel­op­ment insti­tu­tions, local gov­ern­ments, and the pri­vate sector.

Lawrence Mac­Don­ald | Panelist

Vice Pres­i­dent for Com­mu­ni­ca­tions and Pol­icy Out­reach Cen­ter for Global Devel­op­ment (Wash­ing­ton, DC) Lawrence Mac­Don­ald is vice pres­i­dent for com­mu­ni­ca­tions and pol­icy out­reach at the Cen­ter for Global Devel­op­ment. He also over­sees the Center’s oper­a­tions. A devel­op­ment pol­icy com­mu­ni­ca­tions spe­cial­ist and for­mer for­eign cor­re­spon­dent, he works to increase the influ­ence of CGD’s research and analy­sis by lead­ing an inte­grated com­mu­ni­ca­tions pro­gram that includes events, pub­li­ca­tions, media rela­tions, online engage­ment, and gov­ern­ment and NGO out­reach. Before join­ing the Cen­ter in Octo­ber 2004, Mac­Don­ald was a senior com­mu­ni­ca­tions offi­cer at the World Bank where he pro­vided strate­gic com­mu­ni­ca­tions advice to chief econ­o­mists, coor­di­nated the prepa­ra­tion of research pub­li­ca­tions and cre­ated the World Bank Research web site. He was found­ing edi­tor of the Bank’s Pol­icy Research Report series and launched two inno­v­a­tive yet endur­ing web tools: the Bank’s Online Media Brief­ing Cen­ter and the Inter­na­tional AIDS Eco­nomic Net­work (IAEN), a vir­tual com­mu­nity. Prior to that he worked in East and South­east Asia for 15 years as a reporter and edi­tor for The Asian Wall Street Jour­nal, Agence France Presse, and Asi­aweek Mag­a­zine. Edu­ca­tion: Uni­ver­sity of Michi­gan Jour­nal­ism Fel­low (1989–90); Inten­sive study of Man­darin Chi­nese at Tai­wan Nor­mal Uni­ver­sity (1976–78); B.A. with High Hon­ors in East Asian Stud­ies from the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia at Santa Bar­bara (1976)

Shilpa Patel | Panelist

Prin­ci­pal Advi­sor for Cli­mate Finance in the Pri­vate Sec­tor World Resources Insti­tute (Wash­ing­ton, DC) Shilpa works with WRI’s Cli­mate Finance in the Pri­vate Sec­tor ini­tia­tive on the over­all pro­gram, pro­vid­ing review, com­ments and sub­stan­tive inputs on work­ing papers and strate­gic ini­tia­tives. She acts as a resource per­son for the team and par­tic­i­pates in key out­reach activ­i­ties. Pre­vi­ously, she worked at the Inter­na­tional Finance Cor­po­ra­tion, where she headed IFC’s work on cli­mate change strat­egy and met­rics, sup­port­ing the corporation’s cli­mate change agenda and com­mit­ment to increase its climate-friendly lend­ing. She has also worked at the World Bank on pri­vate sec­tor devel­op­ment across a num­ber of sec­tors, regions and economies in tran­si­tion. She has also held the posi­tion of Adjunct Pro­fes­sor at George­town University’s McDo­nough School of Busi­ness, where she taught courses on Project Finance. Shilpa received bachelor’s and master’s degrees from the Whar­ton School of the Uni­ver­sity of Penn­syl­va­nia in 1981 and 1983, respectively.

Andrea Sav­age | Panelist

Andrea sup­ports the Car­bon­Plus Direc­tor in the devel­op­ment of EcoLogic’s forestry-based car­bon projects with a focus on social and envi­ron­men­tal safe­guards. A Colom­bian cit­i­zen, Andrea holds an MA in sus­tain­able inter­na­tional devel­op­ment from Bran­deis University’s Heller School for Social Pol­icy and Man­age­ment. She was recently selected as a 2013 Kin­ship Con­ser­va­tion Fel­low, a lead­er­ship pro­gram that empha­sizes market-based solu­tions to envi­ron­men­tal prob­lems, with a global net­work of over 174 Fel­lows in 46 coun­tries and 6 con­ti­nents. Andrea was based in Mex­ico for four months of her master’s pro­gram work­ing on a pay­ment for water­shed ser­vices project with Salve­mos al Rio Laja, A.C., and con­duct­ing the­sis research on the impact of land tenure on pay­ment for ecosys­tem ser­vice projects in Mex­ico. She also holds a BA in inter­na­tional rela­tions from Tufts Uni­ver­sity. Her pre­vi­ous work expe­ri­ence also includes a posi­tion at the William J. Clin­ton Foun­da­tion, Clin­ton Cli­mate Ini­tia­tive (CCI) as the National Coor­di­na­tor for REDD Projects in Papua New Guinea in 2009 where she was first exposed to the impor­tant role of indige­nous land tenure rights in con­ser­va­tion ini­tia­tives. Raised in Hong Kong, Andrea speaks flu­ent Eng­lish and Spanish.